If your product requires a Printed Circuit Board (PCB), this falls under the item "hardware design 'of this phase. We will not go into too much detail of how to design a PCB but will however review the basic steps behind best practice.
Step 1 of the PCB design starts with the understanding of what is required to do and then goes on research each of the individual physical components (such as resistors, capacitors, transistors, diodes, integrated circuits and other components). Search and selection Party requires trial and error and a structured methodology to understand how each element works within the overall design of the PCB.
Step 2 is all about generating a diagram of the PCB design, also known as the capture. Schematic capture uses a CAD design interface specifically for PCBs that have all the necessary products symbols of the circuit components. The diagram is a representation of the design in the form of symbols connected by lines is known as a net, an example of a block diagram is shown below:
Step 2 also includes the simulation. Once the design was complete, the design simulation can be performed that can predict the behavior of a circuit and to analyze the effects of various components and design signals. This is an important step in the modern design process because it allows to track the performance of a device before it is even built physically. A design topology can be tested immediately to see if it needs to be changed. Simulation can therefore save time and money. Simulation can help discover the rarest faults faster and before costly prototyping.
Step 3 is where the PCB is complete. During the layout phase integrated real circuits (IC) and the components are placed on the map, and connected by a current carrying copper pipe called road (or copper trace). The final necessary step is to create an overview of the board that sets the PCB form factor (the form factor is important because it will ensure that the board fits the chassis, the system or the physical environment in which it will eventually be established and operated out).
Step 4 is the last step in the validation of a PCB - prototype testing. It is important to validate that the design meets the original specifications, while the manufacturing test is important in ensuring each unit delivered to a customer meets the appropriate testing standards.
The prototype test analyzes the real-world behavior of a PCB and compared to the reference design specifications of these results. The high-level perspective of this step requires a test engineer to make designer design specifications and evaluate the performance of PCB (and commenting on the success of the design). Based on this analysis the test engineer must either contact the designer if some form of design changes are needed on the card, or if it is ready for manufacturing.